is a mixture of Catholic and African traditions practiced in the Caribbean and Latin America (some prefer the term Lukumi). It stresses contact and cooperation with the spirits. The nameliterally means the way of the saints; devotion to deities from various African traditions (e.g. the orisa) may be linked to Catholic saints. Santeria practice seeks to keep the energy ashe flowing properly.

*Syncretism refers to the process of a seemingly new religion developing through the intermingling of normally differing beliefs. This is often used to mask one’s belief in an outlawed religion by adopting some aspects of the dominant one within the region.